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2017-6-15 | 責任編輯:admin | 瀏覽數:2632 | 內容來源:本站編輯發布

Canada has set out a plan to boost military spending by 73 per cent in response to pressure from the US for allies to hike defence outlays and concerns that US President Donald Trump is steering his country away from its decades-old role as leader on the global stage.

加拿大制定了將軍費開支提高73%的計劃,這是為了回應美國要求盟國增加防務開支的壓力、以及美總統唐納德特朗普(Donald Trump)引領美國告別數十年來在世界舞臺上扮演的領導角色所引發的擔憂。
Defence minister Harjit Sajjan, unveiling a new 20-year defence policy on Wednesday, said Canada’s overall defence budget will rise to $24.2bn by 2026-27 from $14bn now.
周三,加拿大國防部長石。℉arjit Sajjan,上圖)在宣布一項新的20年國防政策時表示,到2026-27年度時,加拿大總體國防預算將從目前的140億美元升至242億美元。
“If we’re serious about our role in the world, we must be serious about funding our military,” said Mr Sajjan. “And we are.”
The increases would take Canada’s defence spending to 1.4 per cent of GDP by 2024-25, he said, nearer the 2 per cent goal set for Nato members and for which Mr Trump is pushing hard as he pursues his aim for greater “burden-sharing” among allies.
Canada’s foreign minister Chrystia Freeland had framed greater investment in security as part of a need “to set our own clear and sovereign course” in a speech on Tuesday, but critics instead described it as an attempt to appease the US.
在周二的一場演講中,加拿大外長方慧蘭(Chrystia Freeland)提出擴大安全方面的投資,因為有必要“設定我們自己清晰、獨立自主的行進路線”。但批評人士卻把此舉描述為一種取悅美國的努力。
“This is a total capitulation to the bullying of President Donald Trump,” said Peggy Mason, Canada’s former ambassador for disarmament and president of the Rideau Institute in Ottawa. “The Trudeau liberals did not campaign on, and in my view have no mandate for, these increases and there’s been no change in security to justify such astronomical increases. The only thing that’s changed is Donald Trump has been elected.”
“這是對唐納德特朗普總統欺凌行為的全面投降,”加拿大前裁軍大使、渥太華里多研究所(Rideau Institute)所長佩吉梅森(Peggy Mason)說,“以特魯多(Trudeau)為首的自由黨人并沒有倡議增加軍費,而且在我看來他們也無權增加,安全形勢也并未出現什么能夠證明應當如此大幅提高軍費的改變。唯一改變的事情就是唐納德特朗普當選了!
Ms Freeland had said that Canada needed to step up as the US questions “the very worth of its mantle of global leadership”.

The US secretary for defence Jim Mattis said he was “heartened” by the new policy.

美國國防部長吉姆馬蒂斯(Jim Mattis)表示,他對加拿大的新政策“感到鼓舞”。
Canada is the sixth-highest spender in Nato and 16th in the worldaccording to the StockholmInternational Peace Research InstituteCanada is a frequent contributor to overseas coalitions,including the war in Afghanistan as well as UN peacekeeping missions.
Military experts say some of the planswhich include buying 15 new warships, 88 new fighterjets and recruiting 5,000 new troopsare long overdue.
Walter Dornprofessor at the Royal Military College of Canada and Canadian Forces College,said Ottawa had repeatedly postponed upgrading and replacing its fleet of helicoptersshipsand other equipment for nearly 25 years.
加拿大皇家軍事學院(Royal Military College of Canada)、加拿大部隊學院(Canadian Forces College)教授沃爾特多恩(Walter Dorn)表示,將近25年來,加拿大政府已多次推遲升級和更新其直升機編隊、艦艇及其他裝備。